Understanding Emerging Video Formats – Security Boulevard

In my earlier submit, we mentioned two new picture codecs: High-Efficiency Image File (HEIF) and AV1 Image File (AVIF). In this text, we’ll take a better have a look at two rising video codecs constructed on the identical foundations.

Akamai Image & Video Manager (IVM) already helps the important thing video codecs H.264, H.265, VP8, and VP9, in addition to containers mp4, mov, and WebM. Let’s study two rising video codecs which might be gaining momentum: High-Efficiency Video Codec (HEVC) and AOMedia Video 1 (AV1) codecs.  

As with new picture varieties, the creation of recent video varieties is pushed by three principal aims:

  • Better compression that requires fewer bytes delivered for a similar high quality video
  • Enhanced options to help a wider vary of use instances inside a single video format
  • Increased browser help for compatibility with the best share of customers

Here’s a have a look at each HEVC and AV1 codecs by the lens of those aims.


The HEVC, also referred to as H.265, compression commonplace is a video compression format meant to succeed H.264. 


In comparability with H.264, HEVC affords from 25% to 50% higher knowledge compression on the identical stage of video high quality or considerably improved video high quality on the identical bit price.

Enhanced Features 

HEVC offers a sturdy set of superior options amongst video codecs, together with:

  • Support for resolutions as much as 8192×4320, together with 8K UHD
  • Much much less threat of artifacts (apart from blur)
  • Better image high quality when it comes to noise stage, shade areas, and dynamic vary
  • Improved parallel processing strategies

Browser Support 

One limitation of this format is that help is proscribed to Apple gadgets. Almost solely Safari and iOS apps will be capable of use it. If you’ve many iPhone or Mac customers, you possibly can embody it with a fallback to H264. The expertise for Apple customers shall be higher.

Even with {hardware} acceleration — out there virtually solely in Apple gadgets — the upper complexity of this format implies that encoding is considerably slower, so producing the variants for supply takes extra compute cycles and extra time. Since HEVC utilization incurs royalties, and different codecs (similar to AV1) are gaining important momentum, we suggest being cautious about investing important assets into this video format.

Source: caniuse.com 


AV1 is a royalty-free video format by the Alliance for Open Media (AOM) meant to succeed its predecessor VP9 and to compete with the HEVC/H.265 format.

The companions concerned within the AOM that created the format make the case for widespread help within the close to future:

EmergingVideoBlog2_3Dec.pngSource: aomedia.org

As you possibly can see, Apple quietly and surprisingly joined the AOM in early 2018, so it will likely be attention-grabbing to see what this implies for HEVC. In addition, HEVC requires licensing charges, however AV1 doesn’t — which makes it much more seemingly that AV1 will come out because the lengthy-time period winner.


AV1 delivers related or barely greater positive factors in compression effectivity in contrast with H265, whereas being license-free. The following benchmark reveals a comparability of AV1 versus its principal opponents:

EmergingVideoBlog3_3Dec.pngSource: MSU Video Group

Enhanced Features 

Some of the AV1 superior options embody:

  • No royalties
  • Scales to any trendy gadget at any bandwidth
  • Developed for the web and associated purposes and companies — from browsers and streaming to video conferencing companies
  • Designed with a low computational footprint and optimized for {hardware}

Browser Support 

A limitation of this format is its present lack of help for MacOS and iOS, nonetheless, as acknowledged above, Apple joined the AOM in early 2018. AV1 offers help for Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and Opera.  

In a big current improvement, Netflix introduced in February 2020 that it has began to stream titles in AV1 on Android in what might considerably assist the 2-yr-previous media codec acquire wider adoption. Netflix claims that by switching from Google’s VP9 — which it beforehand used on Android — to AV1, its compression effectivity has elevated by 20%.

EmergingVideoBlog4_3Dec.pngSource: caniuse.com 

Continue to Innovate

As with photographs, video optimization is an ever-altering and evolving science. To keep present, it’s essential to be educated about rising developments to make sure that you’re making knowledgeable know-how choices. We additionally suggest that you just guarantee your video supplier will help these codecs prior to later.

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*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated weblog from The Akamai Blog authored by Adrian Willis. Read the unique submit at: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/TheAkamaiBlog/~3/donofdRsAlQ/understanding-emerging-video-formats.html

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